Agriculture business trend of Nepal

Nepal is the country predominantly by the agriculture however realities is far enough to match the economic raise of the farmers groups. The government of Nepal has tried various extension approaches to support the farmers groups but most of the approaches are benefitted to the specialized groups abandoning the hundreds of poor farmers behind.Since.1950’s,country has practiced approaches like T and V(training and visiting) ,integrated rural development ,block production programs with the support of the foreign donors  and government. In contrast, these programs are not able to incline the farmers groups due to the various restraints. The revolution has been expected on later period although commercialized farmers are  argued giving the clear reason of nepotism and late processing and implementations of the benefitted services to the deserving farmers.

According to the department of Customs, Nepal had crossed the 200 billions bills in the agri-import accounting the Rs.215.50 billion (2017/18) where Rs 127.51 billion accounts in (2013/14).(prasain,2018)This findings symbolizes the fact of the Nepal dependency is inclining and alarming status which should be minimized as soon as possible. Agriproducts dominate the topped displacing even the petroleum products behind .

On the other hand, export products are very few to compete in the global market. According to the TEPC(trade and export promotion Centre),cardamom is the topped the highest export agri products in Nepal.99% of the cardamom is exported only to the India. Most of the cash crops are produced by the eastern hills in the context of Nepal.Likewise,ginger exported 3 folds to 400.51 million during review period with the export of tea revenues jumped to 26.5% to 2.21 billion .

According to the FNCCI(federation of Nepalese chamber of commerce and industry),about 30 % of Nepal’s total land is used for agricultural purposes but still not enough to uplift the status of farmers.50% of the exports depend on agricultural sector leading Rice as  a stable food crop having 21%share in agriculture domestic product. In 2015,farmers grew 5.2 million tons of rice on 1.6 million ha of farmland(G.C,017)

Research finds that 43 districts are food insecure in Nepal while 6 districts are highly food insecure is observed from the survey of Nepal’s food security conducted by agriculture development food security monitoring unit and world food program, food securing monitoring and analysis unit).

Statista(2019)claims that GDP contributes by agriculture declines to 30.31% (2008) to 29.04% in 2017.

The inclining rate of labor male  migration leads only female as a active member for the agriculture performance which also become another issues in the agriculture. The geographical restraints, cultural and social constraints and psychological perspectives of the youth towards the agricultures disables the progression in the agriculture. The fluctuation of climate, illiterate farmers and unskilled agri- workers become hurdled in the path of agribusiness’s government should bring approaches for the connectivity of agriculture with the business to bring the drastic changes in the agrobusiness ensuring the thousands of farmers can able to get services from the government and agencies breaking the chain of lines of nepotism and biasedness. –Sangam Basnet

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व्यवसायिक रुपमा कुखुरापालन गरिरहनु भएको छ भने यी कुरामा ध्यान दिनुस्

काठमाडौं – व्यवसायिक रुपमा कुखुरा पालन गरिरहनु भएका किसानहरुले अहिलेको विषम परिस्थितिमा आफ्ना फार्ममा रहेका कुखुरा तथा त्यसबाट लिएको उत्पादनलाई समेत जोगाउनु पर्ने अवस्था रहेकाले तल उल्लेखित कुरामा ध्यान दिएमा निकै नै सहज हुने देखिन्छ ।

० दिउँसोको तापक्रम ३० डिग्री सेल्सियस भन्दा माथि पुग्ने ठाउँहरुमा पालिएका कुखुराहरुले दाना कम खाने, अन्डाको तौल घट्ने र अन्डाको गुणस्तरमा समेत ह्रास आउने भएकोले कुखुरा पालक कृषकहरुले खोरको तापक्रम सकेसम्म कम बनाईराख्ने उपायहरू अपनाउनुहोस्।

०दानाको खपतमा कमी भएमा दिनको समयमा दाना खान नदिई बिहान सबेरै र रातीको समयमा दाना दिने प्रबन्ध मिलाउनुहोस्।

० कुखुरामा फाउल पक्स देखिन सक्ने भएकोले लेयर्स कुखुरामा पहिलो पटक ४२ दिनमा (पखेटामा) र १२–१४ हप्तामा फाउल पक्स विरुद्ध पुन खोप दिनुहोस् । यस्तो रोगको शंका लागेमा वा यो रोग देखा परेमा भेटेरीनरी प्राबिधिकसँग सम्पर्क राख्नुहोस् ।

० गर्मी मौसममा कुखुराको भालेको प्रजनन क्षमतामा कमी आउने हुनाले ब्रिडिङ्ग स्टकमा भालेको संख्या बढाएर १२–१५% सम्म राख्नुहोस् । साथै दानामा भिटामीन(ई तथा सेलेनियमको मात्रा बढाउनुहोस्।

०कुखुराको सुलीमा बढी आर्द्रता हुने भएकोले धेरै एमोनिया उत्पादन भई श्वासप्रश्वास सम्वन्धी समस्या हुने हुँदा खोरमा भेन्टीलेशनको राम्रो व्यवस्था गर्नुहोस्।

० यो समयमा पानीमा इ–कोली (E-coli) को मात्रा बढी हुने हुँदा कुखुरालाई दिने पानीमा ब्लिचिङ (bleaching) पाउडर १५ ग्राम प्रति १००० लिटर पानीमा वा ५०५ हाइड्रोजन पेरोअक्साइड ८ एम.एल. प्रति १००० लिटर पानीमा मिसाई ३० मिनेटसम्म निर्मलीकरण गरेर खान दिनुहोस् ।

० आफ्ना फार्ममा उत्पादन भएका अण्डालाई बजारीकरण गर्न प्रतिकूल अवस्था (कोभिड(१९ का कारण लकडाउन रहेको) भएकाले चिसो, सुख्खा र घाम नपर्ने स्थान हेरि फार्ममा नै भण्डारण गर्नुहोस्। पानीमा धोईएका अण्डाहरू लामो समयसम्म भण्डारण गर्न नसकिने हुँदा अण्डाको बाहिरी सतहमा फोहोर लागेको छ भने त्यस्ता अण्डाहरूलाई पानीले नधोई सफा, सुख्खा कपडाले पुछेर भण्डारण गर्नुहोस् ।

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Poultry Farming

Poultry farming is the form of animal husbandry which raises domesticated birds such as chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese to produce meat or eggs for food. It has originated from the agricultural era. Poultry – mostly chickens – are farmed in great numbers.

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Pig Farming

Pig farming is the raising and breeding of domestic pigs as livestock, and is a branch of animal husbandry. Pigs are farmed principally for food and skins. Pigs are amenable to many different styles of farming: intensive commercial units, commercial free range enterprises, or extensive farming

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Goat

The domestic goat or simply goat is a subspecies of C. aegagrus domesticated from the wild goat of Southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the animal family Bovidae and the subfamily Caprinae, meaning it is closely related to the sheep. There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat.

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